The Establishment Of Indonesian Islamic Parties Post Independence

  • Muchamad Ifan Maulana UIN Walisongo Semarang
  • Iin Wahyu Mahmuda UIN Walisongo Semarang
  • Nasikhin UIN Walisongo Semarang
  • Fihris UIN Walisongo Semarang
Keywords: Party, Islam, Indonesian, Post- Independence


Towards Indonesia's independence, the Islamic leaders at that time were not concerned with the establishment of a state based on Islam, but the most important thing was Indonesian independence. This was because the thoughts of the Islamic leaders at that time were based on the population of the Indonesian people who were mostly Muslim, according to which the majority Muslim population would certainly form an Indonesian state based on Islam and a Muslim government. In other words the thinking at that time was that after independence Indonesia would automatically become a country based on Islam.' Another thing that has become an obstacle in the establishment of an Islamic state is that in the historical arena of Muslims, the ideal to establish an Indonesian state based on Islam is not an easy thing to realize. This is due not only to the challenges emanating from the Islamic parties themselves, but also the emergence of secular national parties which have become an obstacle.


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Based on its historical roots, the Indonesian nation can actually be traced back to the pre-colonial period, even prehistoric times. One thing that is interesting is that the achievement of a national consensus occurred during the Dutch colonial period. over everything. The conceptualization of the Indonesian nation which began with the Second Youth Congress in 1928 came from the history and cultural sources of the Indonesian nation.After Indonesia's independence was proclaimed, many socio-cultural changes occurred, especially in the lives of Indonesian people.
The political defeat experienced by the Muslim community caused them to feel the same fate, so that the October 1945 government announcement was issued, regarding the recommendation to form a political party which could become an umbrella for all Islamic organizations at that time. The following are the types of Islamic parties that were formed after independence; Jam 'iyatul Khair, Masyumi, Sarekat Islam, Indonesian A'la Islamic Council (MIAI), Islamic Association ( Persis)
The da'wah strategies used at that time were various which adapted to the conditions at that time and were acceptable to the community. Among his da'wah strategies are Da'wah Strategies through Trade and Da'wah Strategies through Education. Behind all this there were figures who were very influential in each of the parties that were formed at that time, including Habib Abu Bakar bin Ali, Sayid Ali Bin Abdurrahman Al Habsyi, Agus Salim, Abdul Kahar Muzakir, Haji Samanhudi dui, Colonel Horie, and Endang Abdurrahman.


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