Manuscript content should be organized in the following order:Â Title; Authors Name; Authors Affiliation; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Method; Findings and Discussion; Conclusions; Acknowledgements; and References.
6.1. Paper Title
This is your opportunity to attract the reader's attention. Remember that readers are the potential authors who will cite your article. Identify the main issue of the paper. Begin with the subject of the paper. The title should be accurate, unambiguous, specific, and complete. Do not contain infrequently-used abbreviations. The title of the paper should be in 16 pt bold Times New Roman and be centered. The title should not be more than 12 words.
6.2. Authors Name and Affiliations
- Write Author(s) names without title and professional positions such as Prof, Dr, Production Manager, etc. Do not abbreviate your last/family name. Always give your First and Last names.
- Write clear affiliation of all Authors. Affiliation includes: name of department/unit, (faculty), name of university, address, country.
- Author names should be in 12 pt Times Roman bold with 12 pts above and 12 pts below. Author affiliations should be in 11 pt Times Roman italic. Authors email addresses should be in 11 pt Times Roman.
6.3. Abstract and Keywords
- Abstract should stand alone, means that no citation in abstract. Consider it the advertisement of your article. Abstract should tell the prospective reader what you did and highlight the key findings. Avoid using technical jargon and uncommon abbreviations. You must be accurate, brief, clear and specific. Use words which reflect the precise meaning, Abstract should be precise and honest. Please follow word limitations (150-225 words).
- On the abstract, explicitly write in bold: Introduction, objective of the papers, method, findings, and conclusion.
- Below the abstract, about three to five keywords should appear together with the main body of the article with the font size 11. Each word/phrase in keyword should be separated by a semicolon (;), not a comma (,).
- In Introduction, Authors should state the objectives of the work at the end of introduction section. Before the objective, Authors should provide an adequate background, and very short literature survey in order to record the existing solutions/method, to show which is the best of previous researches, to show the main limitation of the previous researches, to show what do you hope to achieve (to solve the limitation), and to show the scientific merit or novelties of the paper. Avoid a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
- Method should make readers be able to reproduce the experiment. Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described. Do not repeat the details of established methods.
6.6. Results and Discussion
- Results should be clear and concise. The results should summarize (scientific) findings rather than providing data in great detail. Please highlight differences between your results or findings and the previous publications by other researchers.
- The discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature. In discussion, it is the most important section of your article. Here you get the chance to sell your data. Make the discussion corresponding to the results, but do not reiterate the results. Often should begin with a brief summary of the main scientific findings (not experimental results). The following components should be covered in discussion: How do your results relate to the original question or objectives outlined in the Introduction section (what)? Do you provide interpretation scientifically for each of your results or findings presented (why)? Are your results consistent with what other investigators have reported (what else)? Or are there any differences?
- Conclusions should answer the objectives of research. Tells how your work advances the field from the present state of knowledge. Without clear Conclusions, reviewers and readers will find it difficult to judge the work, and whether or not it merits publication in the journal. Do not repeat the Abstract, or just list experimental results. Provide a clear scientific justification for your work, and indicate possible applications and extensions. You should also suggest future experiments and/or point out those that are underway.
- Recognize those who helped in the research, especially funding supporter of your research. Include individuals who have assisted you in your study: Advisors, Financial supporters, or may other supporter i.e. Proofreaders, Typists, and Suppliers who may have given materials.
6.9.Â References (using Turabian Style)
- Cite the main scientific publications on which your work is based. Cite only items that you have read. Do not inflate the manuscript with too many references. Avoid excessive self-citations. Avoid excessive citations of publications from the same region. Check each reference against the original source (authors' name, volume, issue, year, DOI Number).
- Every source cited in the body of the article should appear in the reference, and all sources appearing in the reference should be cited in the body of the article.
- The sources cited should at least 80% come from those published in the last 10 years. The sources cited are primary sources in the forms of journal articles, books, and research reports, including theses and dissertations. Citations from journal should be at least 80% of the total references cited.
- Quotation and references follows APA style and the latter should be included at the end of the article in the following examples:
Barnett-Page, Elaine, and James Thomas. “Methods for the Synthesis of Qualitative Research: A Critical Review.” BMC Medical Research Methodology (2009).
Baxter, Pamela, Susan Jack, and Susan Jack. “Qualitative Case Study Methodology: Study Design and Implementation for Novice Researchers.” The Qualitative Report Volume (2008).
Dusseldorp, Elise, and Iven Van Mechelen. “Qualitative Interaction Trees: A Tool to Identify Qualitative Treatment-Subgroup Interactions.” Statistics in Medicine (2014).
Firestone, William A. “Meaning in Method: The Rhetoric of Quantitative and Qualitative Research.” Educational Researcher (1987).
Fisher, William P., and A. Jackson Fisher. “Integrating Qualitative and Quantitative Research Approaches via the Phenomenological Method.” International Journal of Multiple Research Approaches (2011).
Glaser, Barney G. “The Constant Comparative Method of Qualitative Analysis.” Social Problems (1965).
Kawulich, Barbara B. “Participant Observation as a Data Collection Method.” Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung (2005).
Khan, Shahid N. “Qualitative Research Method - Phenomenology.” Asian Social Science (2014).
Saldaña, Johnny. “The Coding Manual for Qualitative Researchers (No. 14).” Sage (2016).